Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: what they are and why you need them?

Surely you know people who always achieve everything they set out extrinsic motivation. You may wonder what they all have in common: intelligence, perseverance, will, luck?

These success stories are the result of a mixture of all these factors. but there is one ingredient which is most these people would achieve their goal it is motivation

There are two types of motivation: intrinsic and extrinsic. In this article, you will find out what they are, what are the differences between the two and why they are essential to make your dreams come true.

What is Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation?

Motivation is a person’s actions of internal or external factors that partially determine.

in other words, a motivated person directed his actions and energy towards achieving a specific goal.

that often accepted motivation is the key to success because it is the driver of skills that lead to the goal, such as willpower, perseverance, optimism, and a positive attitude.

For this reason, companies that manage to motivate their employees are up to 50% more efficient. Can you imagine applying this to your life?

It is pointed out that it is inspired by internal or external factors. For this reason, there is a difference between internal motivation and external motivation.

What are the Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation incentives?

While internal and extrinsic motivation plays an important role in any successful strategy, they are not always the same.

Internal motivation is born of each person and is free from any external stimuli. The rewards you get from this kind of motivation are very close to self love, personal satisfaction, freedom, inner strength and confidence.

On the other hand, extrinsic motivation is the set of actions you take to receive an external reward. The most common example is economics, but extrinsic motivation is not just the search for a pay rise. Extrinsic motivation seeks personal validation from a third party: praise or psychological reinforcement are important aspects of external motivation.

The difference between Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation

The main difference between the two stimuli is the origin of the stimulus that triggers this behavior. In this way, personal improvement-driven actions are by a desire, a desire to grow and learn, or the need to fulfill a responsibility by doing things well, it is an inward motivation.

Conversely, by a desire motivation for promotion at work or a response to possible discipline (e.g. discipline in children), which is a clear external motivation.

Inspiration is the key to success

There is no such thing as “good” or “bad”. To achieve any of your goals, you need to find a balance between individual and collective internal and external motivation. various studies have on the importance of both motivations in the personal and professional environment.

However, one of the most popular theories of inner motivation is the theory of self-determination.

In this theory, psychologists and professors at the University of Rochester say that inward motivation appears in every human being when different needs are met:

We need autonomy

Need to connect

Must be talented.

In other words, motivation is inherent when a person’s behavioral change is stimulates by a personal desire to improve and achieve these feelings of satisfaction.

This type of stimulation usually results in the release of serotonin, with no intention of receiving an external reward.

High levels of serotonin in the body promote happiness, calmness, optimism, anxiety and improve cognitive processes.

In short, inner motivation and a positive attitude go hand in hand, thus increasing your chances of achieving your goals.

How do the two types of motivation nurture each other?

Naturally, internal, and external stimuli are not completely independent. According to one study, external rewards affect internal motivation in different ways:

that there is an internal stimulus that causes the excess of external rewards for an activity to decrease. Do not abuse external stimuli if you want to strengthen your inner self!

On the other hand, external incentives useful tool when starting an activity that is never done by simple internal incentives


in the conclusion of extrinsic motivation in the form of social validation, for example, it is very closely related to the increase of internal motivation.

The best example of feedback between internal and extrinsic motivation. Who does not want to continue their studies to develop knowledge and be more satisfied with the work done? In many cases, this motivation, which stems from a personal desire to improve, offers a better job opportunity, a pay rise, and so on.

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